The climate in Greece is typical of the Mediterranean climate: mild
and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and, generally, extended
periods of sunshine throughout most of the year.
|Greece is situated at the most southeastern part of Europe,
located between the 34° and 42° parallel N., with a meridional extent from 19°
to 28° E. and borders the Aegean Sea, the Ionian Sea and the East Mediterranean
|The climate in Greece is typical of the Mediterranean
climate: mild and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and,
generally, extended periods of sunshine throughout most of the year. A great
variety of climate subtypes, always within the Mediterranean climate frame, are
encountered in several regions of Greece. This is due to the influence of
topography (great mountain chains along the central part and other mountainous
bodies) on the air masses coming from the moisture sources of the central
|Thus the weather in Greece varies from the dry climate of
Attiki (Athens’ greater area) and East Greece in general, to the wet climate of
Northern and Western Greece.
|In climatological terms, the year can be broadly subdivided
into two main seasons: The cold and rainy period lasting from mid-October until
the end of March, and the warm and dry season lasting from April until
|During the first period the coldest months are January and
February, with, a mean minimum temperature ranging, on average, between 5 -10
degrees Celsius near the coasts and 0 – 5 Celsius over the mainland, with lower
values (generally below freezing) over the northern part of the country.
|Long stretches of consecutive rainy days are infrequent in
Greece, even during the winter, and the sky does not remain cloudy for more
than a few days in a row, as it does in other regions of the world. “Bad
weather” days in winter are often interrupted, during January and the first
fortnight of February, with sunny days, known as ‘Halcyon days’ since ancient
|The winter is milder in the Aegean and Ionian Islands
compared to Northern and Eastern mainland Greece.
|During the warm and dry period the weather is usually stable,
the sky is clear, the sun is bright and there is generally no rainfall. There
are, however, infrequent and brief intervals of rapid rain or thunderstorms
chiefly over mainland areas.
|The warmest period occurs during the last ten days of July
and the first ten days of August, when the mean maximum temperature lies
between 29.0 and 35.0 degrees Celsius. During the warm period the high
temperatures are tempered by fresh sea breezes in the coastal areas of the
country and from the north winds, known as ‘Etesian’, blowing mainly in the